Sunday, August 10, 2014

10/8/2014: Serial Entrepreneurship: Learning by Doing?

We often hear references to the U.S. entrepreneurial climate whereby one's failure at the first venture is commonly rewarded with an encouragement to start again. One of the alleged reasons for this climate emergence, the popular belief asserts, is that an entrepreneur learns from failure or success of the first venture to deploy this knowledge to achieve a greater success in the second entrepreneurial endeavour.

"Serial Entrepreneurship: Learning by Doing?" (NBER Working Paper No. w20312) by FRANCINE LAFONTAINE, and KATHRYN L. SHAW, looks are whether "Among typical entrepreneurs, is the serial entrepreneur more likely to succeed?" and "If so, why?"

The paper uses "a comprehensive and unique data set on all establishments started at any time between 1990 and 2011 to sell taxable goods and services in the state of Texas. An entrepreneur is defined as the owner of a new business. A serial entrepreneur is one who opens repeat businesses. The success of the business is measured by the duration over which the business is in operation."

And the conclusions are:

  • "The data show that serial entrepreneurship is relatively uncommon in retail trade. Of the almost 2.3 million retail businesses of small owners of new businesses in our data, only 25 percent are started by owners who have started at least one business before, and only 8 percent are started by an owner who is still operating at least one other business started earlier."
  • "However, once one becomes an entrepreneur for a second time, the probability of becoming one a third time, or fourth time, and so on, keeps rising."
  • "Moreover, we find that an owner's prior experience at starting a business increases the longevity of the next business opened, and that controlling for person fixed effects, prior experience still matters."
  • "Finally, experience at starting retail businesses in other sectors (e.g. a clothing store versus a repair shop) is beneficial as well, though not as much as same sector experience, and not in the restaurant sector."

The authors conclude that "prior experience imparts general skills that are useful in running the new business."

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