Wednesday, January 23, 2013

23/1/2013: IMF World Economic Outlook Update

IMF WEO is out just now. Headline reading is:

"Global growth is projected to increase during 2013, as the factors underlying soft global activity are expected to subside."

"However, this upturn is projected to be more gradual than in the October 2012 World Economic 
Outlook (WEO) projections."

"Policy actions have lowered acute crisis risks in the euro area and the United States. But in the euro area, the return to recovery after a protracted contraction is delayed. While Japan has slid into recession, stimulus is expected to boost growth in the near term. At the same time, policies have 
supported a modest growth pickup in some emerging market economies, although others continue to struggle with weak external demand and domestic bottlenecks. If crisis risks do not materialize and financial conditions continue to improve, global growth could be stronger than projected. However, downside risks remain significant, including renewed setbacks in the euro area and risks of excessive near-term fiscal consolidation in the United States. Policy action must urgently address these risks."

On Global growth drivers:

  • The IMF expectations are for World Trade Volumes to rise 3.8% in 2013 and 5.5% in 2014, after posting increases of 5.9% in 2011 and 2.8% in 2012. In other words, the average growth rate in 2011-2012 was 4.4% and in 2013-2014 the projection is for the average of 4.7% growth. Not exactly a massively rapid recovery. 
  • World Trade Volume forecasts have been revised down -0.7 ppt for 2013 and -0.3 ppt for 2014 compared to october 2012 forecasts, implying that average growth in trade over 2013-2014 was expected to hit 5.15% annually back in October 2012 and this has been brought down now to 4.7%.
  • The IMF further predicts exports volumes for Advanced Economies to rise 2.8% in 2013 and 4.5% in 2014, with annual average of 3.7% forecast. This contrast with exports growth of 5.6% in 2011 and 2.1% in 2012 - an annual average of 3.9%. 
  • Back in October 2012, the IMF forecast for exports growth in Advanced Economies was for an average rate of growth of 4.25% pa in 2013-2014. This has now been brought down to 3.7%.
  • The IMF forecast for exports growth in the Emerging Markets & Developing Economies for 2013 of 5.5% and 2014 of 6.9%, down from 5.7% and 7.1% projections issued back in October 2012. 
  • However, in 2011 the growth rate in exports from the Emerging Markets & Developing Economies reached 6.6% and this has fallen to 3.6% in 2012. Thus, 2011-2012 annual average rate of growth was 5.1%, 2013-2014 projection is for 6.2% and this represents a reduction from October 2012 forecast of 6.4%. In other words, in contrast with the Advanced Economies, the Emerging Markets & Developing Economies are expected to accelerate significantly in growth of exports compared to 2011-2012.

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