So we finally have a 'historic' agreement on Greece. You know the details:
- Tsipras surrendered on everything, except one thing.
- One thing Tsipras 'won' is that the assets fund (to hold Greek Government assets in an escrow for Institutions to claim in case of default) will be based in Greece (as opposed to Luxembourg), managed still by Troika (it remains to be seen under which law).
- IMF is in and is expected to have a new agreement with Greece past March 2016 when the current one runs out. So not a lollipop for Tsipras to bring home.
- All conditionalities are front-loaded to precede the bailout funding and Wednesday deadline for passing these into law is confirmed.
Bloomberg summed it up perfectly in this headline: EU Demands Complete Capitulation From Tsipras.
Remember, Tsipras went into the last round of negotiations with the following demands:
And that was after he surrendered on Vat, Islands, pensions, corporation tax - all red line items for him during the referendum.
Reality of the outcome turned out to be actually worse.
The new 'deal' involves a large quantum of debt (EUR86 billion, well in excess of Greek Government request from the ESM) and the banks bailout funding requirement has just been hiked from EUR10-25 billion to 'up to EUR50 billion', presumably to allow for some reductions in ELA.
The new 'deal' only promises to examine debt sustainability issue. There are no writedowns, although Angela Merkel did mention that the plan does not rule out possible maturities extensions and repayment grace period extensions. This, simply, is unlikely to be enough.
The 'deal' still requires approval of the national parliaments. Which can be tricky. Here is the table of ESM capital subscriptions by funding nation:
Tsipras also lost on all fronts when it comes to privatisations. In fact, even if the future Government lags on these, the EU can now effectively cease control over the assets in the fund and sell these / monetise to the fund itself. Not sure as per modalities of this, but...
Detailed privatisation targets are to be re-set. Let's hope they will be somewhat more realistic (home hardly justified in the context of the new 'deal'):
To achieve this, EU had to literally blackmail Tsipras by rumour and demands:
And so the road to the can kicking (not even resolution) is still arduous:
My view: the crisis has not gone away for three reasons:
- Short-term, we are likely to see new elections in Greece prior to the end of 2015;
- We are also likely to see more disagreements between the euro states and Greece on modalities of the programme; and
- Crucially, over the medium term, the new 'deal' is simply not addressing the key problem - debt sustainability.
For the fifth year in a row, EU opts for kicking the same can down the same road.