Wednesday, November 27, 2013

27/11/2013: Irish Employment by Sectors: Q3 2013

In the previous post I looked at the data from QNHS on broader measures of unemployment in the economy (http://trueeconomics.blogspot.ie/2013/11/26112013-broader-unemployment.html). This time, let's take a look at employment numbers across various sectors. The data below is not seasonally adjusted, so these are actual counts.

Starting from the top:

  • Overall employment levels at the end of Q3 2013 stood at 1,899,300 which represents a rise of 3.15% y/y. Over the last 12 months, employment averaged 1,865,930 which is 1.54% ahead of employment levels 12 months average through Q3 2012.
  • Relative to pre-crisis levels (average of 2008), employment is still down 10.76%, but compared to the crisis period trough we are up 4.07%.
  • Current levels of employment are the highest since Q2 2010.
  • Agricultural employment changes are well highlighted by the CSO and as such I will not interpret these here.
  • Non-agricultural private sector employment is at 1,308,200 in Q3 2013, up 2.98% y/y. 12 months average level through Q3 2013 is at 1,278,950 up 0.99% on 12 months average through Q3 2012. Not exactly spectacular change, but still a welcome positive reading. Relative to pre-crisis 2008 average, non-agricultural private sector employment was 14.96% lower in Q3 2013.
  • Public sector and state-controlled sectors (health and education) employment fell 0.99% y/y to 480,500. 12mo average through Q3 2013 was at 486,930 which is 0.16% down on previous 12mo average through Q3 2012. Not exactly a massive drop-off. However, compared to 2008 average, employment in this category is 1.2% higher in Q3 2013 - a poor omen for the claims of significant reductions in public and state-controlled employment. 
Chart to illustrate:


Welcoming changes in the higher value-added sectors of the economy:

  • ICT sector employment stood at 82,000 in Q3 2013, up 4.86% y/y. 12mo average through Q3 2013 is at 80,750 and this is up 2.34% on 12mo average through Q3 2012. Levels of employment in the sector in Q3 2013 were 14.77% ahead of 2008 average.
  • Professional, scientific and technical activities employment rose to 113,300 in Q3 2013 up 10.86% y/y and the 12mo average through Q3 2013 stood at 106,350 which is 7.1% higher than in 12 months through Q3 2012. Nonetheless, the sector employment levels in Q3 2013 were 2.22% below the 2008 average.
  • Administrative and support services employment stood at 64,700 in Q3 2013, down 2.85% y/y and 12mo average through Q3 2013 was at 61,350 which is 4.66% below the average through Q3 2012. The sector employment is still well below 2008 levels - down 15.73%.
  • Financial, insurance and real estate services employment fell 0.78% y/y to 101,500 in Q3 2013 and 12mo average through Q3 2013 was at 100,730 down 0.93% on 12mo average through Q3 2012. Compared to pre-crisis levels (2008 average) employment in this sector is down 5.10% in Q3 2013.


Education, Health and Public Administration all showed continued weaknesses:

  • Public administration and defence, compulsory social security sector employment declined 3.61% y/y to 96,100, and 12 mo average through Q3 2013 stood at 95,600 or 4.66% lower than over 12 months through Q3 2102.Relative to 2008 average, employment in the sector is now down 8.63%.
  • Education sector employment rose 0.14% y/y to 140,800. Sector employment averaged 145,980 in 12 months through Q3 2013 which is 1.02% ahead of 12 months average through Q3 2012. However, compared to 2008 average, Q3 2013 level was 3.13% lower.
  • Human Health and Social Work sector employment was down 0.57% y/y in Q3 2013. 12mo average through Q3 2013 stood at 245,350 which is 0.99% higher than 12mo average through Q3 2012. Compared to 2008 average, Q3 2013 reading was 8.62% higher.


Employment in Industry is quietly running slightly up despite overall decline in goods exports values:

  • Industry ex-Construction sector employment rose 4.72% y/y in Q3 2013 to 242,000 and was up in 12mo average terms by 1.3%. However, compared to pre-crisis average for 2008, Q3 2013 reading was still 15.98% lower.
  • Industry including construction sector employment rose 4.58% y/y to 347,300. In 12mo through Q3 2013, employment in the sector was up 0.59% compared to 12 months average through Q3 2012. Relative to pre-crisis average for 2008, employment in sector stood massive 34.15% lower in Q3 2013.
  • Meanwhile, services employment rose 1.30% y/y in Q3 2013 to1,439,200. In 12mo through Q3 2013 employment averaged 1,423,050 which is 0.7% higher than for the same period in 2012. Compared to 2008 average levels, Q3 2013 employment in Services stood at -2.64%.




So on the net - some good aggregate numbers. Rates of increases, especially averaging-out over 12 months (4 quarters) period are still not exactly spectacular, but we do have overall growth in employment and this growth is also present in the higher value-added sectors. 

Here is the summary of changes for the period since the current Government took office:


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